Autor: prof. Nica Mihaela
Colegiul Agricol ”D. Cantemir” Huși, Vaslui
Throughout the world, the majority of English language learning takes place outside the classroom. Learners are exposed to English in the course of their everyday life: listen to the radio and TV, read newspapers, write letters. Formal classroom learning may suit better some kinds of learners.
As an English teacher, you must bear in mind that you are responsible for the learning of all pupils within the classroom. You must also train them in using good strategies, to enable them to continue learning outside the classroom. They have to organize their own earning and exploit other sources of language outside the classroom.
a) Involving all the pupils in learning English – Here are some ways of making sure that you involve all the pupils:
-Use the class register list. Your pupils will know if you are calling them in the order of the class register list.
To avoid this, use every second or third name, or some other pattern, so that they may not realize what order you are using.
-Think of your class as a set of lines or rows of pupils and address a question to a pupil from each line or row in turn.
-Set rules. If your pupils tend to shout out the answers before the others have time to try, make a rule that the pupil who has responded once must miss the next three questions before she/he can answer again. This keeps the pupils busy counting, while waiting to join in again.
-Invite the pupil who answers to name the one who will answer next. If the pupils get used to this system, it can move quite briskly and be successful. It can be unpleasant if the pupils see it as a way of victimizing their slower classmates.
– Repeat the question prompt. If the pupil you nominated is unable to respond, help him/her by repeating or prompting, while insisting that the rest of the class remains quiet. Sometimes, however, you may wish to pass a factual question to another pupil or the class in general.
b) The good teacher of English
As a teacher, you should be aware of the factors affecting learning. You should be aware of what makes a good learner in order to try to make your pupils good learners. In the classroom, you should read clearly and loudly, without stumbling over difficult words, with a good intonation and sounding as if you care about you are reading. Always practice any piece you want to use in the next lesson. Organize your board work well; write legibly and quickly on the board. Write your lines right and your letters clear and big, so that they can be read easily from the sides and back of the class. Clean the board before you start writing on it.
It is important for you to master the equipment. You need to know how to use an overhead projector or a video player. Read carefully the instructions manual, if it is available. If you cannot handle the equipment, you will get angry and frustrated and you may lose the respect of your pupils.