New Ways of Teaching Literature

Teacher: Anghel Camelia Luminiţa
Liceul Tehnologic Meserii şi Servicii Buzău

            Teaching literature represents an enormous challenge nowadays. Being aware of the problems students may encounter when approaching literature, which many regard as being difficult, teachers have to use student-centered teaching methods that foster students’ confidence when approaching literary texts and encourage them to use their creative imagination and think independently.

We will see two active methods that will engage students in their learning, making the learning an enjoyable and motivational experience. 


This is an active learning method that can be used when we have a particular topic, such as looking/applying for a job- ‘Washington Square’ by Henry James (Post-reading activity). Students work in small groups to communicate ideas or to make suggestions having the opportunity to assess the ideas of other groups and to use them as a possible basis for writing their own responses to questions.

How does it work?

  1. Students are divided into small groups.
    1. Each group is given a piece of paper with a question relevant to a particular topic at the top. Each piece of paper might have a different question.
    2. Students work in their groups having a time limit to write down their answers. Each group might be given a different colour of pen for easier identification of answers afterwards.
  2. After this stage, students rotate to another sheet with a different question.
    1. They read the answers of the previous group and discuss whether they agree or disagree with them. If they agree, they tick the answer. If they disagree, they could justify this by writing an explanation.
    2. Students then write down their own thoughts on the issue.
    3. The carousel could be continued, if there is enough time left, until each group has had the opportunity to see and answer to each question.

Carousel is also a useful evaluation tool. Questions might include: what have you learned today? What was the most surprising/shocking/interesting/useful thing for you today? What might you have done differently? (fragment)